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Binding Methods

Sample Kit for Website Standard items

We have created Generic Sample Kit for Website standard items. Sample Kit contains all standard products available on website, also contains all paper stocks, finishing options, and sizes available on our website. Please take a look at the digital copy of the Sample Kit, or contact our Sales Department to request a physical copy of the Sample Kit.

 

 

Cracking on my scoring job?

Sometimes occurs cracking of the edges of a business cards, when the card contains dark colors. This usually happens on a small amount of cards in the run. To prevent this, use lighter colors or if you must use dark colors, use as little ink as possible.

To prevent this, check your digital files before sending. If you use a gradient, make sure it has enough room for a smooth transition.

Why does my business card edge crack sometimes?

Sometimes occurs cracking of the edges of a business cards, when the card contains dark colors. This usually happens on a small amount of cards in the run. To prevent this, use lighter colors or if you must use dark colors, use as little ink as possible.

How to make sure blues do not come out purple?

Always make sure to leave at least 30% difference in your Cyan and Magenta values when using a blue in your design. C 100% M 100% Y 0% K 0%

 

In the CMYK spectrum blue is close to purple . Don’t forget to use a low amount of magenta whenever using high amounts of cyan to avoid purple. Example C 100% M 70% Y 0% K 0%

What is Saddle Stitch Binding?

Saddle Stitching

Most common type of binding, is stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine. They are commonly used for Booklets, brochures, newsletters, pamphlets, direct mailers, magazines and catalogs.

Saddle Stitch BindingAdvantages

  •     Fast & Inexpensive [least expensive of all binding options].
  •     Widely and readily available, since most printers saddle stitch in-house.
  •     Lays relatively flat.
  •     Accommodates special inserts like business reply envelopes, membership forms, order blanks.
  •     Gatefolds and foldouts are possible.
  •     Can use a self or separate cover.

Limitations

  •     Longevity. Not recommended for pieces intended for heavy use.
  •     Lacks printable spine.
  •     Not possible to bind in a single leaf of paper [as in perfect binding], but single leaves canbe stitched into a saddle stitched book if it has a 3.5″ inch flap, or extension.
  •     Thickness limitations. Documents thicker than 0.25″ inch may require another binding technique.
  •     May require special design adjustments for creep, especially small formats with high page counts.

THE PROCESS

  •     Signatures are folded with a bind fold [a fold in the paper, which allows a mechanicalor suction device to find the center].
  •     Signatures are opened with suction cups or mechanical grippers.
  •     Open signatures are hung over a chain or “saddle.”
  •     The signatures may then be transferred to succeeding feeding stations. This is howsaddle stitched signatures are inserted into each other.
  •     Covers are scored and folded on the saddle stitching machine. Then they are laidon top of the signature[s].
  •     The product is stitched through the fold, trimmed on three sides.

Which binding techniques are best suited for short runs?

Common binding techniques, like saddle stitching, loop stitching and side stitching are the simplest – and most economical – choices for short runs.

What is the best binding technique if I have critical crossovers?

The binding techniques that can best accommodate tight registration on crossovers are saddle stitching, loop stitching, double loop, split wire, plastic comb binding, perfect binding, lay flat and sewn binding. Spiral wire and plastic spiral wire are not good choices when crossovers are critical because the registration from page to page will vary slightly. Be sure to check with your sales representative at the onset of your project so we can plan for tight crossovers in your design.

What are the different types of folding?

Paper can be folded in countless ways. Understanding folding is essential, since mismeasured folds are often the perpetrators of many reprints. Folding is not a precise art. Generally, you can expect a tolerance of 1⁄32“ inch per fold. This depends on the weight and caliper of the paper stock and the placement of the folds. This impacts the way the job will finish; proper planning and making sample mockups in the design and production stage will help eliminate errors. These are some of the most common folding styles used in print production today. Use of standard names will help ensure good communication between designer and printer.

Different Types Of Folding

What is Scoring?

Scoring is critical to any binding job. Ask tosee a scoring sample before your job is finished to ensure you get a clean and accurate fold. The score should run in the same direction as the grain of the paper. If the design format requires folding in both directions, the primary fold should be parallel to the grain. Test the sample score by gently folding thepaper; a good score will not crack or tear onthe outside edges. If the paper does crack,the score may need to be wider and deeper. Some scoring problems are caused by improper moisture content in the paper; paper should remain covered when not in use to avoid drying out. If the paper has been exposed, it might help to run the paper through an offset press with a fountain solution to help remoisten the stock. Check with your printer. Finally, be sure the embossed ridge that results from the score is on the inside of the fold [see figures 5 and 6].

What Is Scoring

What is Signature?

A finished book may appear as if it is made from a stack of loose pages. In many cases,multiple pages are often printed together on a much larger sheet, then folded, collated and trimmed on all sides. The trim eliminates the folds and leaves smooth edges. This is called creating signatures for binding.

A signature is a sheet of printed pages which, when folded, fall in order and become part of a book. Books may be made from more than one signature. Before a signature is created, prepress, in cooperation with bindery, must decide how to lay out the press sheet so the pages will appear in the proper sequence after the press sheets are folded and bound. This is called an imposition.

Flat sheet showing page imposition

Flat Sheet Showing Page ImpositionThis flat sheet will result in a 16-page book[eight pages on the visible side and eight pages on the back]. Booklets and brochures of 8, 12, 16 or 32 pages may be made from a single folded press sheet depending on the size of the finished piece and the size of the paper. Imposition is the arrangement of pages on the sheet. Proper imposition guarantees that the pages will appear in the proper sequence and position after the sheet is folded and/or trimmed and bound.

What Is Signature

When a press sheet is folded down, the inside pages will push out further from the spine than the outer pages. This is called creep or push out. The margins of these center pages must be adjusted so they compensate for creep, ensuring that the final pages have consistent margins. The heavier the stock, and the more pages in the signature,the more creep or push out will exist.